Izixhobo ezincinci zeyogathi

Inkcazo emfutshane:

I-yogurt luhlobo lwesiselo sobisi olunencasa emnandi kunye emuncu. Luhlobo lwemveliso yobisi ethatha ubisi njengempahla eluhlaza, inyibilikisiwe yaze yongezwa ngeebhaktheriya eziluncedo (ukuqala) kubisi.


Iinkcukacha Product

Iimpawu zemveliso

Iimveliso zeyogathi kwintengiso ikakhulu zohlobo oluqinileyo, uhlobo oluxubusayo kunye nohlobo lwencasa yeziqhamo kunye neendidi ezahlukeneyo zejusi yeziqhamo.

Inkqubo yemveliso yeyogathi ingashwankathelwa njengezithako, ukutshisa, ukufudumeza, ukucoca, ukupholisa, ukugalela, (ukugcwalisa: iyogathi eqinisiweyo), ukubila, ukupholisa, (ukuxuba: iyogathi eshukumayo), ukupakisha kunye nokuvuthwa. Isitatshi esiguquliweyo songezwa kwinqanaba lokudibanisa, kwaye ukusebenza kwayo kunxulumene ngokusondeleyo kwinkqubo yolawulo

Izithako: ngokwe-sheet sheet, khetha izinto ezingafunekiyo, ezinje ngobisi olutsha, iswekile kunye nesomisi. Isitatshi esilungisiweyo sinokongezwa sodwa kwinkqubo yezithako, kwaye sinokongezwa emva kokudityaniswa okomileyo nezinye iintsini zokutya. Ukujonga ukuba isitatshi kunye nentshungama yokutya ubukhulu becala zizinto eziphezulu zeemolekyuli ezinesibindi esomeleleyo, kungcono ukuba uzidibanise nexabiso elifanelekileyo leswekile kunye nokuzinyibilikisa kubisi olushushu (55 ℃ ~ 65 ℃) phantsi kwesantya esiphakamileyo sokukhuthaza ilizwe .

yoghurt  machine
sterilized milk machine

Inkqubo yezixhobo zeyogathi:
Preheating: injongo preheating kukuphucula ukusebenza kwenkqubo elandelayo homogenization, kwaye ukhetho lobushushu preheating akufuneki ibe ngaphezulu kwe ubushushu gelatinization yesitashi (ukunqanda isakhiwo yamasuntswana zonakaliswe kwinkqubo homogenization emva starch gelatinization).

I-homogenization: i-homogenization ibhekisa kunyango olusebenzayo lobisi lwe-globules, ukuze zincinci Kwinqanaba le-homogenization, izinto ziphantsi kokucheba, ukungqubana kunye nemikhosi ye-cavitation. Isitatshi esilungisiweyo sinesixokelelwano esomeleleyo sokucheba ngoomatshini ngenxa yokuguqulwa okunqamlezileyo, okunokugcina ukuthembeka kwesakhiwo segranule, esilungele ukugcina i-viscosity kunye nobume bomzimba weyogathi.

Nzalo: pasteurization isetyenziswa ngokubanzi, kwaye inkqubo inzalo ka 95 ℃ kunye 300s iyamkelwa jikelele kwizityalo zobisi. Isitatshi esilungisiweyo sandisiwe ngokupheleleyo kwaye sifakwe i-gelatin okweli nqanaba ukwenza i-viscosity.

Ukupholisa, ukugonyisa kunye nokubila: isitatshi esichongiweyo luhlobo lwento ephezulu yemolekyuli, egcina ezinye iipropathi zesitatshi sokuqala, okt polysaccharide. Ngaphantsi kwexabiso le-pH yeyogathi, isitatshi asizukuthotywa ziintsholongwane, ngenxa yoko inokugcina uzinzo lwenkqubo. Xa ixabiso le-pH lenkqubo yokuvumba liyehla ukuya kwinqanaba le-casein ye-casein, i-casein iyachaza kwaye yomeleze, yenze inkqubo yenethiwekhi enamacala amathathu edityaniswe namanzi, kwaye isikhokelo siba ngumsinga. Ngeli xesha, isitatshi esine-gelatinized sinokugcwalisa amathambo, sibophe amanzi simahla kwaye sigcine uzinzo lwenkqubo.

Ukupholisa, ukuvuselela nasemva kokuvuthwa: injongo yokupholisa iyogathi kukuthintela ngokukhawuleza ukukhula kwamagciwane kunye nomsebenzi we-enzyme, ikakhulu ukuthintela ukuveliswa kweasidi egqithileyo kunye nokuphelelwa ngamanzi emzimbeni xa ushukumisa. Ngenxa yemithombo eyahlukeneyo yezinto ezingafunekiyo, isitatshi esiguquliweyo sineedigri ezahlukeneyo zedenaturation, kwaye nefuthe lesitatshi esahlukileyo esisetyenzisiweyo kwimveliso yeyogathi ayifani. Ke ngoko, isitatshi esiguquliweyo sinokubonelelwa ngokweemfuno ezahlukeneyo zomgangatho weyogathi.


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